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The Pakistan cricket team (پاک کرکٹ), nicknamed as Green Shirts, is the national cricket team of Pakistan. Represented by the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB), the team is a full member of the International Cricket Council, and participates in Test, ODI and t20s cricket matches. Currently Pakistan is ranked number four as per the ICC Test rankings.[1] Pakistan have played 777 ODIs, winning 417, losing 337, tying 6 and with 17 ending in no-result.[2] Pakistan were the 1992 World Cup champions, and also came runners-up in the 1999 tournament and are the current Asian Champions. Pakistan, in conjunction with other countries on the Subcontinent, have hosted the 1987 & 1996, with the 1996 final being hosted at Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. The team has also played 63 Twenty20 Internationals, the most of any team, winning 38, losing 23 and tying 2.[3] Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and came runners-up in the inaugural tournament in 2007.

Pakistan have played 370 Test matches, with winning 115, losing 101 and drawing 154. The team has the 3rd-best win/loss ratio in Test cricket of 1.13, and the 5th-best overall win percentage of 31.33%.[4] Pakistan was given Test status on 28 July 1952, following a recommendation by India, and made its Test debut against India at Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi, in October 1952, with India winning by an innings and 70 runs.[5] Previously, Pakistani cricketers had competed as a part of the British Indian national team before independence of Pakistan in 1947.

HistoryEdit

Main article: History of the Pakistani cricket team

Following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, cricket in the country developed steadily and Pakistan was given Test match status at a meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference at Lord's Cricket Ground in England on 28 July 1952 following recommendation by India,[6] which, being the successor state of the British Raj, did not have to go through such a process. The first captain of the Pakistan national cricket team was Abdul Kardar.

Pakistan's first Test match was played in Delhi in October 1952 as part of a five Test series which India won 2–1. Pakistan made their first tour of England in 1954 and drew the series 1–1 after a memorable victory at The Oval in which fast bowler Fazal Mahmood took 12 wickets. Pakistan's first home Test match was in Dacca in January 1955 against India, after which four more Test matches were played in Bahawalpur, Lahore, Peshawar and Karachi (all five matches in the series were drawn, the first such occurrence in test history[7]).

File:Pakvaus.jpg

The team is considered a strong but unpredictable team. Traditionally Pakistani cricket has been filled with players of great talent but limited discipline, making them a team which could play inspirational cricket one day and then perform less than ordinarily another day. Over the years, competitions between India and Pakistan have always been emotionally charged and provide for intriguing contests, as talented teams and players from both sides of the border elevate their game to new levels to produce high-quality cricket. Pakistani contest with India in the Cricket World Cup have seen packed stadiums and elevated atmospheres no matter where the World Cup has been held.

1986 Austral-Asia CupEdit

Main article: Austral-Asia Cup

The 1986 Austral-Asia Cup, played in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates, is remembered as a famous last-ball victory for Pakistan against arch-rivals India, with Javed Miandad emerging as a national hero.[8] India batted first and set a target of 245 runs, leaving Pakistan with a required run rate of 4.92 runs per over. Javed Miandad came in to bat at number 3 and Pakistan lost wickets at regular intervals. Later recalling the match, Miandad stated that his main focus was to lose with dignity. With 31 runs needed in the last three overs, Miandad hit a string of boundaries while batting with his team's lower order, until four runs were required from the last delivery of the match. Miandad received a leg side full toss from Chetan Sharma, which he hit for six over the midwicket boundary.[8][9]

1992 Cricket World CupEdit

Main article: 1992 Cricket World Cup

At the 1992 World Cup Semi Final, having won the toss, New Zealand chose to bat first and ended with a total of 262 runs. Pakistan batted conservatively yet lost wickets at regular intervals. With the departure of Imran Khan and Saleem Malik shortly thereafter, Pakistan still required 115 runs at a rate of 7.67 runs per over with veteran Javed Miandad being the only known batsman remaining at the crease. A young Inzamam-ul-Haq, who had just turned 22 and was not a well-known player at the time, burst onto the international stage with a match-winning 60 off 37 balls. Once Inzamam got out, Pakistan required 36 runs from 30 balls, which wicketkeeper Moin Khan ended with a towering six over long off, followed by the winning boundary to midwicket. The match is seen as the emergence of Inzamam onto the international stage.[10][11][12]

The 1992 Cricket World Cup in Australia and New Zealand marked Pakistan's first World Cup victory. It is remembered for the comeback Pakistan made after losing key players such as Waqar Younis and Saeed Anwar and being led by an injured captain in Imran Khan. Pakistan lost 3 of their first 5 matches and were nearly eliminated in the first round of the tournament after being bowled out for 74 runs against England, until the match was declared as a "no result" due to rain. Imran Khan famously told the team to play as "cornered tigers", after which Pakistan won five successive matches, including, most famously, the semi-final against hosts New Zealand and the final against England.[13]

2007 Cricket World CupEdit

The 2007 Cricket World Cup was one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history when Pakistan was knocked out of the competition in a shock defeat to Ireland, who were playing in their first competition. Pakistan, needing to win to qualify for the next stage after losing to the West Indies in their opening match, were put into bat by Ireland. They lost wickets regularly and only 4 batsmen scored double figures. In the end they were bowled out by the Irish for 132 runs. The Irish went on to win the match, after Niall O'Brien scored 72 runs. This meant that Pakistan had been knocked out during the first round for the second consecutive World Cup.[14][15][16] Tragedy struck the team when coach Bob Woolmer died one day later on 18 March 2007 in a hospital in Kingston, Jamaica. Jamaican police spokesman, Karl Angell, reported on 23 March 2007 that, "Mr Woolmer's death was due to asphyxiation as a result of manual strangulation" and that, "Mr Woolmer's death is now being treated by the Jamaica police as a case of murder."[17] Assistant coach Mushtaq Ahmed acted as temporary coach for the team's final group game of the tournament.[18] Subsequent to his team's defeat and the death of Woolmer, Inzamam-ul-Haq announced his resignation as captain of the team and his retirement from one-day cricket, stating that he would continue to take part in Test cricket but not as captain.[19] Shoaib Malik was announced as his successor.[20] Following his return to the squad, Salman Butt was appointed as vice-captain until December 2007.[21]

On 23 March 2007, Pakistan players and officials were questioned by Jamaican police and submitted DNA samples along with fingerprints, as part of the routine enquiries in the investigation into Woolmer's murder.[22] Three days after leaving the West Indies for Pakistan, via London, the Pakistan team were ruled out as suspects. The deputy commissioner of Jamaican police. Mark Shields, the detective in charge of the investigation, announced, "It's fair to say they are now being treated as witnesses." "I have got no evidence to suggest it was anybody in the squad."[23] A memorial service was held in Sacred Heart Church, Lahore, for Bob Woolmer on 1 April 2007. Among the attendees were Pakistan players and dignitaries, including Inzamam-ul-Haq, who was quoted as saying, "After Woolmer's family, the Pakistan team was the most aggrieved by his death."[24] After the World Cup ended, serious doubts were raised about the investigation, with increasing speculation that Woolmer died of natural causes. This has now been accepted as fact, and the case has been closed.[25]

File:T20 final 2009.jpg

On 20 April 2007, a PCB official announced that former Test cricketer Talat Ali would act as interim coach, in addition to his role as team manager, until a new coach had been appointed.[26] On 16 July 2007, Geoff Lawson, previously head coach of New South Wales, was appointed coach of the Pakistan for two years, becoming the third foreigner to take on the role.[27] In the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, Pakistan exceeded expectations to reach the final but ended as runners-up, after losing the final to India in a nail-biting finish. On 25 October 2008, Intikhab Alam was named as a national coach of the team by the PCB.

2009 ICC World T20Edit

On 21 June 2009 Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20, beating Sri Lanka in the final by eight wickets. Pakistan had begun the tournament slowly losing two of their first three matches but after dismissing New Zealand for 99 runs in the Super 8 stage they had a run of four consecutive wins including beating previously unbeaten South Africa, in the semi-final and Sri Lanka.

2011 Cricket World Cup Edit

Pakistan started well in the ICC Cricket World Cup, which was held in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, after beating Kenya, Sri Lanka(one of the tournament favourites) and narrowly beating Canada. After a huge loss against New Zealand, Pakistan defeated Zimbabwe by 7 wickets.'. One of the highlights of the tournament for Pakistan was when they beat Australia, who were led by 3 brilliant pace bowlers, Brett Lee, Shaun Tait and Mitchell Johnson. However Pakistan defied the odds and defeated Australia, courtesy of a brilliant bowling display. In the Quarter-Finals they played West Indies. Pakistan were ruthless, as they emphatically beat the West Indies by 10 wickets, due to another brilliant bowling display. In the Semi-Finals on 30 March, Pakistan had a match with its fiercest rival, India. India, due to Tendulkar who was dropped several times, managed 260 after they batted first. Due to a slow chase, Pakistan were 29 runs short as India reached the final (India went on to win the final). Pakistan have never defeated India in an ODI World Cup match to date, losing in all 5 matches contested between the two sides.

2012 ICC World T20 Cricket Edit

On 11 July 2012, Pakistan announced a provisional 30-man squad for the World Twenty20 starting in Sri Lanka on 18 September.[28] The 30-member provisional squad will be pruned to 15 next month. While naming the probables, the selectors refrained from announcing the captain. Mohammad Hafeez, who led Pakistan in their T20I series in Sri Lanka last month, is widely expected to retain his place, especially after the retirement from the T20 game of Misbah-ul-Haq, the Test and one-day captain.

Governing bodyEdit

Main article: Pakistan Cricket Board

The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) is responsible for all first class and Test cricket played in Pakistan and by the Pakistan cricket team. It was admitted to the International Cricket Council in July 1953. The corporation has been run by former cricketers, professional administrators and trustees, who are often respected businessmen. The Board governs a network of teams sponsored by corporations and banks, city associations and clubs including advertising, broadcasting rights and internet partners.[29]

The PCB's experiment with the Twenty20 cricket model has also proven popular and hopes to similarly revive popular interest in domestic games, which it did. The PCB also set up major domestic competitions such as the Quaid-i-Azam Trophy and the Faysal Bank T20 Cup.[30]

Tournament historyEdit

World Cup World Twenty20 Champions Trophy Asia Cup Austral-Asia Cup Asian Test Championship Commonwealth Games

List of International groundsEdit

File:Gaddafi Stadium.png
File:Nat Std01.JPG
File:Mulstadium.jpg
Stadium City Test matches ODI matches
Gaddafi Stadium Lahore 39 57
National Cricket Stadium Karachi 41 46
Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad 24 16
Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi 8 21
Arbab Niaz Stadium Peshawar 6 15
Multan Cricket Stadium Multan 5 7
Niaz Stadium Hyderabad 5 7
Jinnah Stadium (Gujranwala) Gujranwala 4 9
Bagh-e-Jinnah Lahore 3 0
Sheikhupura Stadium Sheikhupura 2 2
Jinnah Stadium Sialkot 1 11
Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh Stadium Multan 1 6
Pindi Club Ground Rawalpindi 1 2
Defence Housing Authority Stadium Karachi 1 0
Bahawal Stadium Bahawalpur 1 0
Zafar Ali Stadium Sahiwal 0 2
Ayub National Stadium Quetta 0 2
Sargodha Stadium Sargodha 0 1
Bugti Stadium Quetta 0 1
Zahoor Elahi Stadium Gujrat 0 0

Pakistan women's cricket teamEdit

Main article: Pakistan national women's cricket team

The Pakistan women's cricket team has a much lower profile than the men's team. For all national women's cricket teams, the female players are paid much less their male counterparts and the women's teams do not receive as much popular support or recognition as the men's team. The women's teams also have a less packed schedule compared to men's teams and play fewer matches. The team played it first match during 1997, when it was on tour of New Zealand and Australia and were invited to the World Cup later that year and in the Women's Asia Cup during 2005 the team came third place. During 2007, the team with face South Africa and later in the year travel to Ireland to play in the Women's World Cup Qualifier. The team also played at the T20 England World Cup, the team finished 6th place, beating Sri Lanka and South Africa in 2009.

Team ColoursEdit

In Test matches, the team wears cricket whites, with an optional sweater or sweater-vest with a green and gold V-neck for use in cold weather. The team's official sponsor's have been Pepsi since the 1990s with their logo displayed on the right side of the chest and sleeve with the Pakistan Cricket star deployed on the left in test cricket. Boom Boom Cricket signed a deal with Pakistan Cricket Board in April 2010 to become the kit sponsors of the Pakistan team, the deal ended on the end of 2012 Asia cup.[31]

Pakistan's One Day and Twenty 20 kits vary from year to year with the team wearing its famous green color in various shades from kit to kit. For official ICC Tournament's 'Pakistan' is written on the front of the jersey in place of the sponsor logo, with the sponsor logo being placed on the sleeve. However for non ICC tournaments and matches the 'Pepsi' logo feature prominently on the front of the shirt. As always the Pakistan logo is placed on the left chest. An example of the different shades of green Pakistan wears from kit to kit can be seen in the example of the 2010–11 kit which was in the famous lime green color.[32][33] However for the World Cup a new jersey with a dark green to light green fade was introduced in February 2011.[34] The Kit For The World Cup Become Popular Around The World For Its New Design. Minor changes were made to the kit after the World Cup, 'Pakistan' across the shirt was replaced with the 'Pepsi' logo, whilst the World Cup logo was replaced by the 'Boom Boom' but the jersey did not look like as same as the cwc jersey even after only some small changes. logo.[35][36] T

Edit

Pakistan's Cricket Team's Logo is a star, usually in the color Gold or Green, with the word "Pakistan" (پاکِستان) written inside in Urdu, Pakistan's national language.

PersonnelEdit

Current squadEdit

This is a list of all the players with there forms of cricket in which they play.

Key
  • Domestic teamFirst-class team the player represents in the current or preceding season. If n/a, then Limited overs team is displayed.
  • C/G – The contract grade awarded by the PCB.
  • S/N – Shirt Number.
A/B/C Central Contract
S Stipend Contract
N/ANo Contract

General

  • 1 - Player is also an All-rounder
Name Age Batting style Bowling style Domestic team C/G Forms of cricket S/N
Opening Batsmen
Taufeeq Umar 36 Left-hand bat Right arm off break HBL B Test
Imran Farhat 35 Left-hand bat Right arm leg break HBL B Test, ODI 17
Mohammad Hafeez1 36 Right-hand bat Right arm off spin HBL A Test, ODI 8
Imran Nazir 35 Right-hand bat Right arm leg break NBP B ODI, T20I 16
Ahmed Shehzad 25 Right-hand bat Right arm leg spin HBL C ODI, T20I 19
Nasir Jamshed 28 Left-hand bat Right arm leg spin HBL B ODI, T20I 77
Middle-Order Batsmen
Misbah Ul-Haq 43 Right-hand bat Right arm leg spin KRL A Test, ODI 22
Younis Khan 39 Right-hand bat Right arm leg spin, Right arm medium Surrey A Test, ODI 75
Mohammad Yousuf 42 Right-hand bat Right Arm Medium Warwickshire A Test, ODI 13
Azhar Ali 32 Right-hand bat Right arm leg spin KRL B Test, ODI 79
Asad Shafiq 30 Right-hand bat Right arm leg spin Karachi Blues B Test, ODI 81
Khurram Manzoor 30 Right-hand bat Right arm leg spin Karachi Blues B Test, ODI 91
Shoaib Malik1 35 Right-hand bat Right arm off spin PIA A ODI, T20I 51
Umar Akmal 27 Right-hand bat Right arm off spin SNGPL B ODI, T20I 96
Wicket-Keepers
Kamran Akmal 35 Right-hand bat NBP N/A ODI, T20I 23
Sarfraz Ahmed 30 Right-hand bat PIA C Test, ODI 54
Adnan Akmal 32 Right-hand bat ZTBL C Test, ODI 97
All-Rounders
Shahid Afridi 37 Right-hand bat Right arm leg spin HBL A ODI, T20I 10
Hammad Azam 26 Right-hand bat Right arm medium NBP C ODI, T20I 73
Abdul Razzaq 37 Right-hand bat Right arm fast-medium Hampshire B ODI, T20I 12
Pace Bowlers
Umar Gul 33 Right-hand bat Right arm fast Sussex A Test, ODI, T20I 55
Mohammad Sami 36 Right-hand bat Right arm fast NBP B Test, ODI, T20I 7
Aizaz Cheema 37 Right-hand bat Right arm medium-fast S Test, ODI, T20I 74
Wahab Riaz 32 Right-hand bat Left arm fast-medium NBP B Test, ODI, T20I 47
Sohail Tanvir 32 Left-hand bat Left arm medium-fast KRL B ODI, T20I 33
Junaid Khan 27 Right-hand bat Left arm medium-fast Lancashire C Test, ODI, T20I 83
Spin Bowlers
Saeed Ajmal 39 Right-hand bat Right arm off spin KRL A Test, ODI, T20I 50
Abdur Rehman 37 Left-hand bat Left-arm orthodox HBL A Test, ODI, T20I 36
Correct as of 1 September 2012

Coaching staffEdit

Management staffEdit

  • One day MatchesESPNCricinfo. Last updated 12 August 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
  • All-Time Results Table – Twenty20 InternationalsESPNCricinfo. Last updated 23 February 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  • Overall Result Summary – Test CricketESPNCricinfo. Last updated 6 February 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012 by saimcheeda.
  • Pakistan in India 1952–53 (1st Test)CricketArchive. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  • Guinness Cricket Encyclopaedia
  • Stump the Bearded Wonder No 126: BBC Sport Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  • 8.0 8.1 Going, going...gone. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Austral-Asia Cup, 1985/86, Final, India v Pakistan. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Inzi announces his arrival and India's hat-trick hero. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Five of the best. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Benson & Hedges World Cup, 1991/92, 1st Semi Final, New Zealand v Pakistan. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Imran's Tigers turn the corner. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Pakistan sent home by bold Ireland. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Shamrocks turn Pakistan green. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • ICC World Cup – 9th Match, Group D, Ireland v Pakistan. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  • Police hunt Woolmer's murderer: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  • Woolmer post-mortem inconclusive: BBC.co.uk Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  • Shattered Inzamam retires from one-day scene: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  • Shoaib Malik appointed Pakistan captain: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 19 April 2007.
  • Butt named Malik's deputy. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 20 June 2007.
  • DNA testing for Pakistan players: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  • Pakistan no longer suspects in Woolmer case: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  • Memorial service for Woolmer held in Lahore: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  • Doubts grow over pathologist's findings. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 21 May 2007.
  • Talat to act as interim coach: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 20 April 2007.
  • Lawson named Pakistan coach. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 16 July 2007.
  • "World T20: Kamran, Razzaq in longlist". Wisden India. 11 July 2012. http://www.wisdenindia.com/kamran-razzaq-in-world-t20-preliminary-squad. 
  • PCB Sponsors
  • PCB Media news, publications and articles, 2007
  • Boom Boom Cricket, Boom Boom Cricket, 12 April 2010
  • http://www.cricsurf.com/wp-content/uploads/Pakistan-Vs-New-Zealand-4th-ODI-HIGHLIGHTS-1-2-2011-at-Napier.jpg
  • http://1cric.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Pakistan-vs-South-Africa-2nd-ODI-31-10-2010-at-Abu-Dhabi.jpg
  • http://nimg.sulekha.com/sports/thumbnailfull/shoaib-akhtar-2011-3-8-4-30-38.jpg
  • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-BuzMRrcq1mU/TbUHjIqlk9I/AAAAAAAABsQ/801SYT7vuT8/s1600/pak%2Bvs%2Bwi%2B2011.jpg
  • http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-fXygQwxIZU4/TbjyRmC9yXI/AAAAAAAABtY/A89um6zTffA/s1600/pak%2Bvs%2Bwi.jpg
  • RecordsEdit

    BattingEdit

    Test Batting RecordsEdit

    Name Intl. Career span Year set Record description Record Notes
    Imtiaz Ahmed 1952–62 1955 4th highest test match innings by a wicketkeeper 209
    Hanif Mohammad 1952–69 1958
    • 8th highest Test match innings
    • Slowest Test triple century
    • Highest Test innings on foreign soil
    • 4th highest Test innings by an opener

    337 runs
    970min

    Hanif scored 337 runs against the West Indies in 1958, which was also the first triple century by an Asian cricketer, and at the time the longest innings by any batsman in terms of time spent at the wicket.

    Majid Khan 1964–83 1976–77 Joint 7th fastest Test match century 74 balls
    Zaheer Abbas 1969–85 1971 5th highest Test match maiden century 274
    Mudassar Nazar 1976–89 1977–78 Slowest Test century 557 min
    Javed Miandad 1976–96 1976
    • Youngest player to score a double century.
    • Only teenager to score a double century.

    19y 140d

    Career

    12th most Test runs.

    8,832 Miandad's record is also the most Test runs by a Pakistani.
    Taslim Arif 1980 1980 3rd highest Test match innings by a wicketkeeper 210*
    Shoaib Mohammad 1983–95 1990–91 9th Slowest Test match double century 411 balls
    Inzamam-ul-Haq 1991–2007 Career 10th most fifties in Test cricket 71
    Career 10th most fours in Test cricket 1112
    Career Joint 4th most sixes in an innings 9
    Mohammad Yousuf 1998–2010 2006 Most Test match runs in a calendar year 1,788
    2006 Most Test centuries in a calendar year 9
    2006 Most centuries in successive Tests 6 centuries/5 tests
    Shahid Afridi 1998–2010 1999 7th youngest player to score a test century 18y 333d
    2004–05 Joint 2nd fastest Test fifty 26 balls
    2006 2nd most runs off one over 27
    2006 Joint most sixes off consecutive deliveries 4
    2010 9th highest strike rate in an innings 206.66
    Younis Khan 2000–10 2009 5th highest individual innings by a captain 313 Younis scored 313 against Sri Lanka in 2009, becoming the third Pakistani to reach a triple century, and also attaining the third highest Test Innings by a Pakistani.
    Yasir Hameed 2003–10 2003 Scored centuries in both the innings of his debut test 170 & 105 Yasir Hameed, in 2003, on his Test debut he scored 170 runs in Karachi. This is the highest score by a Pakistani on debut. He also scored 105 in the second innings of the same match, becoming only player to do so after West Indies' Lawrene Row
    T20 International Records
    Name Intl. Career span Year set Record description Record Notes
    Kamran Akmal 2006–10 Career 7th most runs in career 704
    2010 2nd highest innings by a wicketkeeper 73
    Shahid Afridi 2006–10 Career 8th most runs in career 650
    2010 3rd highest innings strike rate 357.14
    2006 5th highest innings strike rate 280.00
    2007 7th highest innings strike rate 260.00
    Umar Akmal 2009–10 2010 4th most runs in a calendar year 385

    One Day International Batting Records Edit

    Name Intl. Career span Year set Record description Record Notes
    Saeed Anwar 1989–2003 1997 Joint 3rd highest ODI innings. 194
    Zaheer Abbas 1969–85 Career 6th highest batting average in ODI 47.62
    Inzamam-Ul-Haq 1991–2007 Career 4th highest career ODI runs 11,739
    Shahid Afridi 1996–present 1996 Fastest ODI century 37 balls Afridi scored his maiden century in his maiden innings in 1996, against Sri Lanka at Kenya. He was originally in the team as a bowling replacement for Mushtaq Ahmed, and walked out as a pinch-hitter up the order wielding Waqar Younis' bat.
    Career Most Sixes in ODI 298 Sixes

    Bowling Edit

    Test Bowling Records
    Name Intl. Career span Year set Record description Record Notes
    Wasim Akram 1984–2003 Career 9th most Test wickets 414

    Akram also holds the record of most Test wickets by a Pakistani bowler.

    Waqar Younis 1989–2003 Career Best strike rate with +200 Test wickets 43.4
    Career 14th highest Test wickets 373 Waqar also holds the record of second most Test wickets by a Pakistani bowler.
    One Day International Bowling Records
    Name Intl. Career span Year set Record description Record Notes
    Wasim Akram 1984–2003 Career 2nd most ODI wickets 502 Akram's record was surpassed by Muttiah Muralitharan. Akram still holds the record of most ODI wickets by a Pakistani bowler.
    Career One of three bowlers to take 2 ODI hat-tricks The other bowlers were Saqlain Mustaq and Chaminda Vaas
    Waqar Younis 1989–2003 Career 3rd most ODI wickets 416 Waqar also holds the record of second most ODI wickets by a Pakistani bowler.
    Saqlain Mushtaq 1995–2004 Career Fastest to reach 100, 150, 200 and 250 wickets
    Career Only spinner to take a hat-trick in an ODI
    Shahid Afridi 1996 – present Career most wickets in single world cup as Captain 21 Shahid Afridi also holds the record.
    T20 International Records
    Name Intl. Career span Year set Record description Record Notes
    Umar Gul 2007–10 2009 2nd best bowling figures in a Twenty20 International 5 wickets / 6 runs This was surpassed by Ajantha Mendis (Sri Lanka) against Australia
    Career 2nd most wickets in career 55
    2009 Joint 3rd most wickets in a calendar year 19
    Career Most 4 wicket hauls in career 4
    Shahid Afridi 2006–10 Career Most wickets in career 58
    2009 7th most wickets in a calendar year 18
    Career Joint 2nd most 4 wicket hauls 2
    Saeed Ajmal 2009–10 Career 3rd most wickets in career 54
    2009 and 2010 Joint 3rd most wickets in a calendar year 19
    Career Joint 2nd most 4 wicket hauls in career 2
    Mohammed Asif 2008–2011 Career First T20 Maiden 1

    ControversiesEdit

    Ball Tampering Edit

    Reverse swingEdit

    Main article: Reverse Swing

    Reverse swing was first discovered by Sarfraz Nawaz in the 1970s, who then passed it on to another Pakistani bowler, Imran Khan. Khan mastered reverse swing and the evidence of reverse swing by him was seen in 1983 in a Test match against India at Karachi, where he took 5 wickets in 25 balls. Imran Khan subsequently passed this skill on to Waqar Younis and Wasim Akram who are considered to have been the finest exponents of the delivery.[1][2][3]

    On Pakistan's 1992 tour of England, England had no answer to the reverse swing, a new phenomenon to them. Pakistan won the series 2–1. The series was controversial one as the Pakistani team were accused of ball tampering, particularly being discriminated against by the English media.

    However, it was later proved that the Pakistani bowlers were simply ahead of their time. Following this episode, reverse swing expanded around the cricket world and more bowlers, including those from England, mastered the technique.

    2006 incident Edit

    During the fourth Test against England at the Oval on 20 August 2006, ball tampering accusations were made against the Pakistani team, which resulted in the team forfeiting the match. On the fourth day of the Test, during England's second innings, the ball began to late reverse swing for Umar Gul in particular, resulting in him dismissing Alastair Cook LBW to an inswinging yorker. Four overs later, on examining the ball, umpire Darrell Hair decided there was evidence that the ball had been tampered with. He consulted with the other umpire, Billy Doctrove and penalised the Pakistani team for interfering with the condition of the ball, awarding five runs to England. Following the playing conditions for that Test, the England batsmen were allowed to choose a replacement ball from a selection of six provided. Although play continued until the end of the afternoon session, the Pakistani team decided in principle, not to reappear at the start of the third session. This decision was made in protest of what they believed to be an unjust and insensitive decision. Pakistan's claim was that the ball had been damaged by being hit to the boundary. As a result of the Pakistani team's failure to appear at the field, the umpires awarded the test to England, cricket's first and only forfeiture till July 2008 when the cricket's international governing body International Cricket Council (ICC) changed the result of the test from an English win to a draw (it was then restored to an England win in February 2009).

    The Pakistani team was cleared of any wrongdoing and Darrell Hair was banned when further proceedings saw captain Inzamam-ul-Haq found not guilty of ball tampering. However, the team's protest led to him being banned for four games on the charge of bringing the game of cricket into disrepute.[4][5][6]

    Match fixingEdit

    2010 spot-fixing allegations Edit

    During Pakistan Tour of England In 2010 British tabloid newspaper News of the World confirmed spot-fixing had been taking place involving 3 of the Pakistani test players.[7][8] [9]

    Doping Edit

    Immediately following the 2006 ball tampering controversy was the news that front line fast bowlers Shoaib Akhtar and Mohammad Asif had both tested positive for Nandrolone, a banned anabolic steroid. Though both denied any substance abuse, on 1 November 2006 both Akhtar and Asif were banned for a period of 2 years and 1 year respectively. However, both fast bowlers were successful in their appeals with the earlier bans being revoked. The World Anti-Doping Agency made an appeal in the Court of Arbitration for Sport over the revoking of this ban.[10] However, the Court of Arbitration for Sport later dropped the case, ruling it had no jurisdiction to challenge the decision made by PCB.[11][12]

    Miscellaneous Records
    Name Intl. Career span Year set Record description Record Notes
    Wasim Akram 1984–2003 Career One of 2 bowlers to achieve a hat-trick in both Test and ODI
    Career Only bowler to achieve four hat-tricks
    Career 1st bowler to achieve +400 wickets in both Test and ODI Muttiah Muralitharan has since achieved this.
    Shoaib Akhtar 1997–2011 Career Official fastest delivery in cricket
    • 161.3 km/h
    • 100.2 mph
    Mohammad Sami 2001–present Career One of 2 bowlers to achieve a hat-trick in both Test and ODI
    Career Only bowler to achieve a Hat-trick in all three formats of the game
    Career Unofficial fastest delivery in cricket

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